# Chapter 14: Medications and Calculations Nursing School Test Banks

Chapter 14: Medications and Calculations

Test Bank

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1. Order: trihexyphenidyl hydrochloride (Artane) 6 mg, PO, twice daily

Available:

How many tablet(s) will the patient receive on a daily basis?

ANS:

6

DIF: COGNITIVE LEVEL: Applying (Application) REF: Page 167

TOP: NURSING PROCESS: Nursing Intervention

MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies

2. Order: allopurinol (Zyloprim) 150 mg, PO, q.i.d.

Available:

a. How many tablet(s) will be given per dose?

b. How many mg will the patient receive per day?

ANS:

a. tablet

b. 600 (150 4)

DIF: COGNITIVE LEVEL: Applying (Application) REF: Page 167

TOP: NURSING PROCESS: Nursing Intervention

MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies

3. Order: doxycycline hyclate (Vibra-Tabs) 100 mg, PO, first day q12h; then100 mg, PO, daily

Available:

a. How many tablet(s) will the patient receive the first day?

b. How many tablet(s) will the patient receive daily after the first day?

ANS:

a. 2

b. 1

DIF: COGNITIVE LEVEL: Applying (Application) REF: Page 167

TOP: NURSING PROCESS: Nursing Intervention

MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies

4. Order: Augmentin 500 mg, PO, q8h

Available:

How many tablet(s) will be given per dose?

ANS:

2

TOP: NURSING PROCESS: Nursing Intervention

MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies

5. Order: erythromycin 350 mg, PO, q8h.

Available: erythromycin estolate 250 mg/5 mL

How many mL will be given per dose?

ANS:

7

TOP: NURSING PROCESS: Nursing Intervention

MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies

6. Order: Mycostatin U 300,000, PO, q.i.d. (swish and swallow)

Available: Mycostatin 100,000 units per mL

How many mL will be given?

ANS:

3

TOP: NURSING PROCESS: Nursing Intervention

MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies

7. Order: Norvir 600 mg, PO, b.i.d.

Available:

a. How many milliliters (mL) will the patient receive per dose?

b. How many milligrams (mg) will the patient receive per day?

ANS:

a. 7.5 or 7

b. 1200

TOP: NURSING PROCESS: Nursing Intervention

MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies

8. Order: methenamine mandelate 500 mg, PO, q.i.d.

Available:

How many tablet(s) will be given per dose?

ANS:

1

TOP: NURSING PROCESS: Nursing Intervention

MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies

9. Order: cefadroxil (Duricef) 0.4 g, PO, q12h

Available:

How many mL will be given per dose?

ANS:

8

TOP: NURSING PROCESS: Nursing Intervention

MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies

10. Order: Serzone (nefazodone hydrochloride), PO: Day 1, 200 mg in two divided doses; Day 2, 100 mg in two divided doses; may increase to 100 mg, b.i.d.

Available:

a. How many tablets will the patient receive on Day 1?

b. How many tablets will the patient receive per dose when ordered 100 mg in 2 divided doses?

c. How many tablets will the patient receive per dose when increased to 100 mg, b.i.d.?

ANS:

a. 4

b. 1

c. 2

TOP: NURSING PROCESS: Nursing Intervention

MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies

11. Order: amoxicillin (Amoxil) 300 mg, PO, q8h

Available:

a. How many mL will the patient receive per dose?

b. How many mg will the patient receive per day?

c. How many mL will the patient receive per day?

ANS:

a. 7.5 or 7

b. 900

c. 22.5 or 22

TOP: NURSING PROCESS: Nursing Intervention

MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies

12. Order: Thorazine 10 mg, IM (deep), STAT

Available:

How many mL will be given?

ANS:

0.4

DIF: COGNITIVE LEVEL: Applying (Application) REF: Pages 180-183

TOP: NURSING PROCESS: Nursing Intervention

MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies

13. Order: Compazine 7.5 mg, IM (deep), q.i.d., PRN

Available:

How many mL will be given per dose?

ANS:

1.5 or 1

DIF: COGNITIVE LEVEL: Applying (Application) REF: Pages 180-183

TOP: NURSING PROCESS: Nursing Intervention

MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies

14. Order: loxapine (Loxitane) 75 mg, IM, daily

Available:

How many milliliters (mL) will the patient receive?

ANS:

1.5 or 1

DIF: COGNITIVE LEVEL: Applying (Application) REF: Pages 180-183

TOP: NURSING PROCESS: Nursing Intervention

MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies

15. Order: midazolam (Versed) 3 mg, IM, STAT

Available: Versed 10 mg/2 mL

How many mL will be given?

ANS:

0.6

TOP: NURSING PROCESS: Nursing Intervention

MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies

16. Order: 1000 mL of lactated Ringers (LR) solution to be administered in 6 hours

Available: 1 L LR Macrodrip set labeled 10 gtt/mL

a. How many mL of LR will be infused in 1 hour?

b. How many drops per minute (gtt/min) will the patient receive?

ANS:

a. 167 (1000 mL 6 = 166.6 = 167 mL)

b. 28 ([167 10 gtt] 60 min = 27.8 or 28 gtt/min)

DIF: COGNITIVE LEVEL: Applying (Application) REF: Pages 190-191

TOP: NURSING PROCESS: Nursing Intervention

MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies

17. Order: aminocaproic acid 4 g in 250 mL D5W to infuse in 1 hour

Set: secondary set labeled 15 gtt/min

Available:

a. How many mL of aminocaproic acid will be mixed in 250 mL of D5W?

b. How many gtt/min will the patient receive?

ANS:

a. 16

b. 63

DIF: COGNITIVE LEVEL: Applying (Application) REF: Pages 190-191

TOP: NURSING PROCESS: Nursing Intervention

MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies

18. Order: cefuroxime axetil (Ceftin) 200 mg, PO, b.i.d.

Available: Ceftin 250 mg/5 mL

How many mL will the patient receive per dose?

ANS:

4

TOP: NURSING PROCESS: Nursing Intervention

MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies

19. Order: digoxin (Lanoxin), PO, 62.5 mcg, daily

Available: Lanoxin 0.125-mg tablets

How many mg will the patient receive per day?

ANS:

0.0625

TOP: NURSING PROCESS: Nursing Intervention

MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies

20. Order: trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim) 160/800 mg, PO, b.i.d.

Available: Bactrim 80/400-mg tablets

How many tablets will be given per dose?

ANS:

2

TOP: NURSING PROCESS: Nursing Intervention

MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies

21. Order: amoxicillin (Amoxil) 300 mg, PO, b.i.d.

Available: Amoxil 400 mg/5 mL

How many mL will be given per dose?

ANS:

3.75

TOP: NURSING PROCESS: Nursing Intervention

MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies

22. Order: levetiracetam (Keppra), PO, 20 mg/kg/day, divided b.i.d.

Available: Keppra 100 mg/mL

Patient weight: 20 kg

How many mL will the patient receive per dose?

ANS:

2

TOP: NURSING PROCESS: Nursing Intervention

MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Pharmacological and Parenteral Therapies

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9:16 pm

where is the available dosages for the drug